Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure
There might come a day when you do not fill up with gas at your local station; vehicles running on gas could
become obsolete. Electric cars are already making inroads onto the market albeit slowly. Electric cars are still
more expensive than the gas ones, but this will change as more and more people are looking to buy into the new
The major factor of the new cars is when and where one would be able to charge the batteries. Gas stations
intend to make the facility available to motorists who drive electric cars but you will also have to be able to
charge your car at home. House wiring You will need to speak to an electrical contractor to ascertain whether the
wiring of your house is up to it. All electrical outlets as well as other hardware are checked to see whether they
will support the new car's charging requirements. As a service to their clients, many dealers may do home
assessments as part of the purchase price of the vehicle.
The costs The cost of the installation may vary from place to place but you can keep the following factors in
mind: *Firstly, you will have the cost of installing the charging equipment in your garage. You will have to get a
quote from your electrical contractor. * You might have to install a second electrical meter at a cost of about
$250. Your current meter only measures the electrical usage in your home and you will need the second one to read
the electric car's usage. *If you prefer the faster charging option, you might have to do an electrical panel
upgrade since the faster Level 2 option uses 208 - 240 volts.
The load to the electrical panel increases and an upgrade of the panel is recommended. Once again, the
electrical contractor can supply the cost. *Upgrading of your utility service may be necessary to enable you to
install the second electrical meter. The cost will be determined after an assessment. Responsibility The homeowner
is responsible for the electricity from the meter leading into the house as well as all the circuits and wiring in
the house itself. In other words, the utility side of the meter is the power supply leading to the electrical meter
of your house and that is the responsibility of your utility company. The responsibility is yours on the other side
of the meter and into your house.
Unfortunately, you would have to repeat the whole process if you decided to move house. You will have to check
the wiring of the new house in the same way as before and will have to install new meters and panels. The
electrical contractor can supply these quotes for you. Nevertheless, the number of electric cars on the roads will
increase over the years and there might come a time when all or most of the houses will be electric car ready.
There may even be a time when new houses are built with the additional meters and panels in place.
Also, keep in mind that you might consider buying a second electric car and at that time, your utility company
will have to make sure that you have sufficient capacity for the charging of two electric cars. If you don't want
to make use of their services, you can contact an electrical contractor who can do it for you. In the event that
you sell your electric car, you can have the electric vehicle service turned off; this disconnection carries no
charge. You can keep the additional screws
and fixings in your garage and use it for something else in the future.
When you might want to charge beyond your home - where can you do that? There are a number of useful websites
listing where to charge in public. One of the most useful in North America - is PlugShare - www.plugshare.com. There is also: CAA Locator, SunCountryHighway Map, Blink, ChargePoint®, Source London, Zap-Map, EV-Network UK, and more.
Here are some EV Charging (Electric Vehicle Service Equipment) Suppliers and Installers:
Eaton Canada - Equipment - Ontario Installers - Home Depot Canada
AV Aerovironment - Equipment - Buy at Amazon.com
Sun Country Highway - Home - Equipment
Schneider Electric - EV Link Info - Home Depot USA / Canada.
LEVITON - Evr-Green - Home Depot Canada
There are many websites now offering where to buy EV Charger interfaces also - like Pronto.com.
And - Some Quick links on Government Rebate Programs - Schneider Electric. (Schneider Electric Exhibited at EV Fest 2011, 2012 & 2013!)
Other previously available Common Options for Electric Vehicle Charging, include Plugs and connectors like the
NEMA-L6 Plug or Connector, or a NEMA-5-20R GFCI Receptacle, that can accept a standard (15A) Service Cord and Plug, or a 20A
When a Common J1772 EV EVSE Plug is not available - these plugs and a set of Adapters can stand you
in good stead and keep you from calling for help.
Direct Current Quick Chargers (DCQC) offer time savings when your are on the go! In the time it takes to get
though a Highway Service Center's Busy Fast Food Lineup, grab a bite to eat, and Hit the Washroom (20 - 30
Minutes), a DC Quick Charger can have your vehicle charged up from a low level of about 20% up to 80%, and ready to
Most Common in North America (Mostly USA with 550, Canada with about 9 Showing, 6 more to be ready soon in B.C.)
are the Japanese First Standard - Called CHAdeMO - a loose translation from the Japanese - meaning 'CHArge and
MOve', and this interface is available, included or optional, on Nissan LEAF's, Mitsubishi iMiEV's, and the coming
KIA SOUL EV!
Also coming - be prepared for New Plug and DC Quick Charger Systems - Like the SAE CCS J1772 Combo Plug, Successfully Tested in June 2013, used in the Chevy Spark EV (Optional) or the
BMW i3 (Optional); or - if you are thinking of the Tesla Model S and future Vehicle's - The